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Nearly one in five, or 17.4 per cent, of children in Canada were living in poverty in 2015, according to the latest annual report by Campaign 2000, an anti-poverty coalition.Story continues belowThat share is down from levels seen in 2000 (22.3 per cent) but up compared to 1989, when less than 16 per cent of children were living in families below the low-income line. But the ratio remains at staggering highs for First Nations children, who have a probability of nearly 40 per cent to live in poverty.READ MORE: Basic income best way to help families reliably put food on the table: reportNotably, about 450,000 children were living in families that relied on social assistance. Without government transfers, an additional 745,000 children would be living in poverty, the research shows.The report calls for the federal government to devise federal standards for stamping out poverty along with targeted federal spending on affordable housing and child care.WATCH: How much does a healthy diet cost for a family of four?