The research, by accountancy firm PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, found 30 percent of UK jobs could face automation compared to 38 percent in the United States, 35 percent in Germany, and 21 percent in Japan.
Researchers, however, said this wouldn’t necessarily lead to less employment as jobs may change rather than disappear.
But the distinction between men and women was clear, with PwC estimating 35 percent of men’s jobs were at risk compared to 26 percent of women’s because of the high number of women in sectors requiring social skills like education and health.
Male workers are also more concentrated in jobs requiring lower education levels, like transportation and manufacturing.
PwC Chief Economist John Hawksworth said in the future employees of both genders will “have to be more adaptable, not stuck in the stereotypes”.
He said this could present an opportunity for men and women to break down traditional gender gaps and progress in careers, provided they can upskill or access training opportunities.
“The whole thing has become more fluid,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
However, it was uncertain whether these changes would have any impact on the gender pay gap. Figures from the UK’s Office of National Statistics show on average women earned about 18 percent less than men in Britain in 2016.